Starter Tips for Novice Gardeners
There are many exact sciences but gardening is not one of them. Even veteran gardeners have mistakes, so if you’re a newbie, don’t be scared. Below are pointers to help you begin on the right foot:
Be observant and take notes.
This is very basic yet effective advice for all beginners: closely observe the area you intend to use. What is its size? How windy does it get on an average day, and where does the wind normally blow? Is it mostly sunny or shady? Which specific areas are the sunniest and for how long? Which parts get the most shade and for how long? How do you think should you water the garden? Will you be able to use rainwater and how? What are the pH levels of the soil and every single nutrient found in it? How can you use the space in the most beneficial way? What is a typical temperature range in your area?
Try to answer each of the above questions with the best of your ability. The moment you’ve figured all these details out, your odds of being successful will automatically improve.
Invest in your soil.
Invest in an organic, nutrient-packed and healthy soil, and you will reap a productive vegetable garden. To let plants absorb the most nutrients and water, they have to source them from the inner depths of soil, which is possible through raised bed gardening. This shape will even let you maximize the benefits of your space, as well as well as increase your yields substantially.
Plan and design your garden with care.
Know the needs of your plant, and plant them as efficiently as you can. For example, some plants writhe on the ground or climb on support, so installing nets, a trellis or grilles will make a huge difference.
Start with local plants.
Growing local plants is much easier, so you should start with them. Unlike exotic vegetables, which are very high maintenance, local vegetables are undemanding and will grow in nearly every soil type there is.
Learn how to water right.
Watering the right way gives your yield a boost and helps you avoid a lot of pests and diseases. The most efficient way of irrigating plants in a garden is with the use of soaker hoses and drip lines, because they bring water right where it is necessary and gives time for roots to draw it in.
Careful with those pesticides.
Chemical pesticides are highly toxic even to beneficial insects and polinators, so avoid them completely. Instead, mix and match different natural ingredients and see which combinations work the most. Examples of ingredients of natural pesticides are garlic, onion, neem and horticulture oils.
A common misconception among rookies is that the more you apply fertilizers to a plant, the better it grows. This is farthest from the truth. With overfertilization, a plant’s roots can actually die. Have your soil tested to know which nutrients you should add and how much.